Top: A group of Chiricahua Apache students on their first day at Carlisle Indian School in Carlisle, Pa. Bottom: The same students four months later.

The U.S. government began sending Native American children to American Indian boarding schools in the 1870s.  Army officer, Richard Pratt, who founded one of the first of those schools, modeled the education program one one he had developed in an Indian prison. He described his philosophy in an 1892 speech as follows:

A great general has said that the only good Indian is a dead one. In a sense, I agree with the sentiment, but only in this: that all the Indian there is in the race should be dead. Kill the Indian in him, and save the man.

To read the full article from NPR, click here